Photo of Carlos Kelly

Carlos focuses his practice on real estate disputes (sales and purchase disputes, foreclosures, title insurance litigation, commercial and residential evictions, and other real estate related claims) and business claims (fraud and contract lawsuits, shareholder disputes, and other claims between business partners). A major part of his real estate litigation practice involves eminent domain/condemnation matters, which have included inverse condemnation and Bert J. Harris, Jr., Private Property Rights Protection Act claims.

In addition to being admitted to all Florida state courts, Carlos is admitted to practice in the U.S. District Court for the Middle and Southern Districts of Florida.

Carlos speaks and writes for a variety of audiences, including the firm's Legal Scoop on Southwest Florida Real Estate blog. The Florida Bar’s Eminent Domain Committee, The Florida Bar's City, County & Local Government Section, and the Florida Association of County Engineers & Road Superintendents have featured Carlos as a lecturer on eminent domain topics, and the West Coast Florida Chapter of the Appraisal Institute has featured Carlos as a panel speaker on witness preparation in eminent domain cases. The American Bar Association published an article Carlos wrote about the use of eminent domain to condemn underwater mortgages (December 10, 2012 web post). The Florida Bar Journal has published several of Carlos's articles, including two that he wrote about eminent domain topics.  The Supreme Court of Florida cited his article, “Eminent Domain: Identifying Issues in Damages for the General Practitioner,” in System Components Corp. v. Florida Dept. of Transportation, 14 So.3d 967 (Fla. 2009). Carlos is AV rated by Martindale-Hubbell

Did you have a home improvement project last weekend? I did.

But this one was beyond my limited skills (and limited tools), so I got my dad involved.  He can fix anything.  And he’s got the ultimate set of tools.

After he looked at the situation, he specified the fix. He liked my suggestion of

diamond-158431_1280In the film “Snatch,” made by British director Guy Ritchie (former husband of Madonna), there are a lot of moving parts: an 86 karat diamond, an underground boxing match, a robbery gone awry, a chew toy eaten by a dog, and a host of characters from London’s underworld bearing unusual names like Turkish,

Property Rights Flickr Kax VorpalLast week, I posted video about oral argument heard by the Florida Supreme Court regarding the Bert J. Harris, Jr., Private Property Rights Protection Act, which “provides for relief, or payment of compensation, when a new law, rule, regulation, or ordinance of the state or a political entity in the state, as applied, unfairly affects

cakI grew up out West. A big part of growing up in the West, at least in my family, included Western films. Westerns, like many country music songs, can tell a complicated story in regular, everyday terms. Black cowboy hats and white cowboy hats made it easy to figure out who was on what side!

As usual, the year has flown by and the New Year is upon us. You might remember from my last post, that we took a Christmas-flavored look at takings with St. Nick. Now it’s time to look ahead. When my wife and I were walking in a local nature preserve on Christmas Day, I took a picture of a fantastic tree that I named the “Animals’ Staircase.”

As you can see, the Animals’ Staircase ascends gradually and then with increasing steepness.  It was easy to picture a small animal running up the Staircase to get a better view of something.


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photoIf the sounds of Christmas music bring feelings of goodwill toward all, family gatherings, Yuletide blessings, you’re not alone. Personally, I always make it an Elvis Christmas, rolling through the same ten Elvis songs for days at a time. Ho ho ho and thank you, thank you very much!

But let’s think of Santa, not just as a bringer of gifts, but as a user of property rights. After all, he lands on your roof. Get any permission for that, Mr. Claus?  What about the wear and tear to the roof?  If a typical adult male reindeer weighs 350 – 400 pounds, eight adult reindeer could weigh 2,800 – 3,200 pounds—over a ton.  Can your roof support that?  (This isn’t even including Rudolph, the sleigh, or Santa himself, who is no reed, weight-wise, according to a number of reports.)


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Denzel_Washington_2013In the 1980s, the television show The Equalizer told the story of a trouble-shooter who assisted people in over their heads, with long odds.  Denzel Washington brought the role to the big screen in 2014.  If you’re a property owner, you might need to have things equalized, too, by using a law written to assist property owners.

Think about it.  You’ve put, maybe, your life savings, or retirement money, into a piece of vacant land.  You’ve done your homework.  You’ve found out the comprehensive plan and the  zoning will allow you to open a restaurant, your own neighborhood bar and grill.  You buy the land, submit a development plan, apply for and obtain the necessary permits, and break ground on construction.  Half-way through your project, you get the news that local government has changed its comprehensive plan and re-zoned your property, mentioning it specifically in the new ordinance.  No commercial uses.  No grandfather clause.

Not good.


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Property Rights Flickr Kax VorpalLet’s take these in reverse order.

Do you own real estate?

If the answer is “Yes,” then you should care because you, as a property owner, hold a number of property rights, known as a “bundle of sticks.” If the government, or a private entity with the power of condemnation, infringes on one or more of your property rights, then you may have a claim for inverse condemnation, if certain other factors are met.

What is “inverse condemnation?”


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